Do you listen
Hearing refers to the sounds that you hear, whereas listening requires more than that: it requires focus. Listening means paying attention not only to the story, but how it is told, the use of language and voice, and how the other person uses his or her body. In other words, it means being aware of both verbal and non-verbal messages. Your ability to listen effectively depends on the degree to which you perceive and understand these messages.
Sark ends feudal rule
People of one of the Channel Islands, Sark, are voting today for their first ever democratic government. The election ends nearly 450 years of feudal rule. The island's constitution was changed to comply with European human rights legislation. Jon Kay reports:
At precisely ten o'clock the doors to Sark's village hall opened. Waiting in line, a handful of islanders keen to cast their votes before the morning ferry departed.
The hall snooker room has been converted into the only polling station with specially constructed plywood booths where voters can fill in the lengthy ballot paper in secret.
There are fifty-six candidates seeking office in all - that's one in eight of the islands adult population. There'll be twenty-eight seats in the new parliament and the result should be declared here just after ten o'clock tonight.
Jon Kay, BBC News, Sark
the venue in a village which is a centre for official and social events
queuing one after another
here, a small group
to cast their votes
to take part in the election, to vote for their chosen candidates
a place where people go to vote in an election
small enclosed areas in a polling station where you can vote in private; in this case they were made of several thin layers of wood stuck together
a piece of paper on which you write or mark your vote
here, competing to become members of parliament
announced, made public
But the Venice Tidal Centre says that levels could go much higher. It says the sea is due to rise to one meter sixty above its normal level - the highest since 1979.
Venice is built on hundreds of islands and often experiences high water at this time of the year. The worst incident was in 1966 when the city was submerged by nearly two meters of water amid catastrophic flooding throughout Italy.
Duncan Kennedy, BBC News, Rome
that are around/close by
here, harmed, damaged
people who live in a certain place
cut off in
isolated in, unable to leave
an institution studying and predicting tides, i.e. the cyclic rises and falls of the sea caused by the attraction of the Moon and Sun (tides occur about every twelve hours)
if you experience something, it happens to you, you can feel it
higher than usual levels of water, flooding
covered by, gone under (water)
very bad, causing a lot of damage
Boy in Congo saved by mobile phone
A doctor has saved the life of a teenage boy in the Democratic Republic of Congo by amputating his shoulder. He'd never performed the operation before - so, using his mobile phone, he had to text a colleague in Britain asking for instructions. Rob Norris reports:
It's unclear how the sixteen year old boy lost his left arm - some reports say he was fishing with a harpoon when he was attacked by a hippopotamus, although it's also emerged that he'd been caught up in fighting between government and rebel forces in the east of Congo.
When a British doctor found him in hospital in the town of Rutshuru, the wound had become badly infected and gangrenous. The doctor, who works for the charity Medecins Sans Frontieres, knew that the boy would die within days if he didn't take action.
The only way to save him was to perform what's called a forequarter amputation - which means removing the collar bone and the shoulder blade. The doctor, David Nott, knew of only one surgeon in Britain who had the expertise to do it. So, as he explained to the BBC, he sent his colleague a text message:
Almost immediately he texted me back - the procedure, how to do it step by step. And obviously you have to think for twenty-four hours really whether this is the right thing or not, you know, a little boy in the middle of the Congo with one arm - because it's an enormous operation. In the UK, you'd need an intensive care unit and an HDU unit to do it, and so it was a huge undertaking.
It's all the more remarkable because the doctor was working in a very basic operating theatre, with just one pint of blood for transfusion.
Since he underwent the amputation in October, the boy has made an extraordinary recovery.
Rob Norris, BBC
a long heavy sharp weapon, similar to a spear, that is fixed to a rope and used for killing certain animals living in water
involved (in something bad)
the knowledge and experience
the monitoring and treatment of seriously ill or injured patients
short for 'high dependency unit', a medical department that provides life support or organ support in patients who are critically ill
a huge undertaking
a very difficult task
when blood that has been taken from one person is put into another person's body (usually after an accident or during an operation)
made an extraordinary recovery
become well again quite quickly, even though it wasn't certain this would happen
US carmakers gloom
Bosses of America's three biggest car companies face grilling in Congress over their request for a multi-billion dollar bailout. Yesterday they faced scepticism from US lawmakers as to whether the bailout would work. Jamie Coomarasamy reports:
It was a long and frustrating day for the chief executives whose revised request for a multi-billion dollar loan was met with renewed scepticism by senators. Despite warnings of the impending collapse of General Motors and the view of the banking committee's chairman, Chris Dodd, that inaction was not an option, the six hour hearing ended without consensus.
Some Senators echoed the sentiments of President Bush who warned in an interview against throwing good money after bad.
On Friday the carmakers take their case to the House financial services committee. Its Democratic chairman, Barney Frank, has called on president-elect Obama to be rather more assertive on the issue than he has been so far.
Jamie Coomarasamy, BBC News, Washington
that has been looked at again and, as a result, changed
more doubts (about the truth or value of something)
a serious failure that is about to happen
here, something to consider, a possible choice
with those present unable to come to a single opinion
echoed the sentiments of
expressed the same feelings as
an issue that is dealt with by a court of law
firmly asked, encouraged
open, strong and confident